The Subject of Monotheism ( Judaism, Christianity, Islam )

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Jews attribute to the Creator the characteristics of His creatures, which include the defects and shortcomings that characterize human beings and which should not be ascribed to the Lord. The following verse is such an example. Some Jews said,

which means, “Truly, Allah is poor and we are rich!” (Al­ ‘lmran, 3:181)

Some other Jews said,

“Allah’s Hand is tied up (i.e. He does not give and spend of His Bounty).” (AI-Ma’idah, 5:64)They also said, “After Allah created the world, He became tired, so He had to have a rest.” Some of them even said “Allah wept upon the event of the Flood so much that His eyes turned sore, so the angels paid Him a visit.” They also said, “He cried over some of those He ruined from amongst His servants, just as one cries over the deceased from one’s family.” They mentioned many such examples above which Allah is highly Exalted and Glorified in His Highness.

On the Contrary, Christians attribute to the created being the divine features of the Creator. So they render Christ as the lord of the universe, the creator and the knower of everything, and the omnipotent. Both the Jews and the Christians took their rabbis and monks as their lords. The Christians also took Christ, the son of Maryam (Mary) as their lord, while they, i.e., the Jews and Christians, were commanded to Worship none but one God, besides Whom none has the right to be worshiped.

Praise and glory be to Him, far above is He from having the partners they associate with Him. They also regarded the angels and the prophets as lords besides Allah, for whom they made statues, which they regarded as intercessors for them, that might intercede on their behalf in front of Allah, just like idolaters did.

Muslims adopt a middle course in that concern, as they describe Allah with the same attributes, which He or His Messengers use for His Description, without any TahrTf (misinterpretation-changing the text), Ta’fll (denial), Takylf (detailed description) or TamthTI (likening). They ascribe to Allah all the Attributes of Perfection and free Him from any defect or imperfection that may never be ascribed to the Creator. Christians say that Christ is God and also the Son of God, and that he is a full god and a full human being. On the other hand, the Jews said that he is an illegitimate child, that he is the son of Joseph the carpenter and that Maryam conceived him after committing adultery ,Allah, the Almighty demonstrates their falsehood in this verse, “And uttering against Maryam (Mary) a grave false charge (that she has committed illegal sexual intercourse).” (An-Nisa’ , 4:156)The Jews also said that Christ was a lying magician. On the other hand, Muslims regard Jesus Christ as a servant of Allah, His Messenger, and His Word, which He bestowed on the Chaste Virgin Maryam (Mary) and a spirit created by Him. He is held in honor in this world and in the hereafter and will be one of those who are near to Allah. In addition, Muslims describe Christ just as Allah does; they neither exaggerate in his status like the Christians nor do they demean him like the Jews.

Quoted from Imam Ibn Taymiyyah ( died 1328) book titled ” The correct answer for those who changed the religion of Christ ” in response to letter by the church about Islam

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